What is General Surgery?
General surgery is a technical discipline which involves the general principles (wound healing, metabolic and endocrine response to wound healing) as well as many surgical and basic medicine branches in terms of development, as well as surgical treatment of systemic and local problems in the body. In general, it is a surgical specialty that focuses on the abdominal content of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and biliary tract. In addition, thyroid, peripheral vessels, breast, trauma, soft tissue, skin and hernia is studied on.
Treatment of benign tumors and cancers of breast in Breast Health Centers; The surgical techniques applied at the same time with the most developed centers of the world, personalized surgical approaches, patient comfort methods and multidisciplinary approach is made with. In breast cancers, only the tumor is removed and the integrity of the breast integrity is taken as a principle. However, in the case of tumors developing in many foci of the breast, mastectomy is used to remove all of the breasts, but plastic and reconstructive surgeries performed in the same session provide breast aesthetics and the risk of organ loss is eliminated.
Surgical treatments applied in the diseases of the internal glands of the body that require surgery. Good and malignant diseases of the thyroid gland, nodular goiter, toxic goitre, thyroid cancer, parathyroid gland diseases, adrenal gland diseases and tumors, pancreatic benign diseases and surgical treatment of tumors are performed within the scope of endocrine surgery. special practices that prevent bleeding and loss of sound are also performed. With the help of Am energy devices yer, which are used during surgery, the risk of bleeding is reduced by providing the vessel to be closed from the desired location. Nerve monitoring is also used in the nerves leading to the vocal cords during the surgery, and the surgeon can control the function of the nerve during the procedure.
LIVER, PANCREAS, SURGICAL SURGERY (HEPATOPANKREATOBILIER SURGERY)
In general surgery; benign diseases and tumors of the liver, pancreas and biliary tract are treated under the name of Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery. In Surgical Centers, international techniques are applied in the surgery of gastrointestinal tumors. Before the cancer surgery, patients are evaluated on the oncology council and the opinions of all branch physicians are taken and the most appropriate surgical methods are used.
Gastrointestinal surgery of the stomach, small and large intestine, esophagus and rectum and surgical treatment of cancers are performed under the name of gastroenterology surgery. In general, the most appropriate surgical techniques are determined for the patients, advanced surgery technologies applied in the world's most advanced cancer centers are presented to patients. In oncologic surgery, an important part of the surgeries are performed by laparoscopy which is a closed surgical technique. Gastroenterology surgery, especially liver metastatic bowel tumors surgery is applied successfully.
Surgical interventions for people who have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40 or higher than 35 and have chronic diseases and therefore have significant health problems are called ’Bariatric Surgery’ or Obesity Surgery. In obesity surgery centers, obesity surgeries are performed with closed method and the patient's recovery period is shortened. The most common effective methods, such as the gastric band, have lost their validity; tube gastric surgeries and gastric bypass.
Anorectal diseases (large intestine, rectum and anal region diseases), which are common in the community, require an experienced and specialized team, technology and equipment for correct diagnosis and treatment in this area. is presented. In proctology surgery; internal and external hemorrhoids, constipation, anas fissure, perianal abscess and fistulae, gaita abduction, intestinal hernia, hair return, anal itching, colorectal cancers and anal and perianal warts surgical treatment is performed.
It is shown as a reference center in the world especially in liver and kidney transplants. Turkey and the Balkan countries, especially the Turkish Republic, organ transplant from European and Middle Eastern countries, with the United States is preferred by patients waiting for a center.
ABOUT THE ORGAN TRANSPLANT, THE MOST INTERESTED
1. Is an organ transplant done only from the living donor to another?
No. Organ transplantation is a live operation from live to alive and from cadavers.
2. Is it possible to transfer a 90-year-old person's organ to a child?
No. Vital organs of a 90-year-old person; ie, heart, liver, pancreas, kidneys can not be used. Maybe the cornea is available.
3. Is it possible to transplant a patient with a urine leak due to a problem in the bladder?
Yeah. If a kidney transplantation is needed, the patient should first resolve the problem in his bladder and after a while, a healthy life can be achieved by kidney transplantation.
4. Can the liver donor be more donor?
No. Due to the anatomical structure of a liver live donor, it is not appropriate to have a donor again after a while.
5. Can a person be both by pass and kidney transplant at the same time?
Yeah. These two operations can be performed respectively by looking at the patient's condition.
6. If the patient has a live donor, will the transplant occur within a week?
Yeah. If a person has a live transmitter, it can be transported within a short period of 1 week.
7. Can Hepatitis B or C patients have kidney transplantation?
Yeah. Hepatitis B and C patients may have kidney transplantation; however, it is necessary to look at how these diseases affect the liver in a negative way.
8. Can Hepatitis B and C patients be donors?
No. Hepatitis C patients cannot be donors. Hepatitis B patients can be donors; however, the donor must not carry active virus and the recipient must be vaccinated and protected against Hepatitis B.
9. Can someone who received liver transplantation later donate organ?
Yeah. After brain death, a person's organ functions can be decided.
10. Can two transplant patients change their donors?
Yeah. Cross-transplants may be performed by changing 2 transplant patient transmitters if the results of all examinations are considered appropriate.
11. Can the person return to the work force after the transplant?
Yeah. After resting, the person may return to work life after the rest of the day (approximately 2 months later).
12. Can the patient return to sport after transplantation?
Yeah. For example after transplantation; a football player can go back to sports with the help of his doctor.
13. If a patient who has been written to the cadaver list comes up with a live transmitter from their own family, can the transfer be made immediately?
Yeah. If there is a live donor from the family even if the person is written to the cadaver list, the transfer can be made immediately.
14. Can a living person donate liver to two people at the same time?
No. It is not possible for a living donor to be a liver donor for two people.
15. Can a person who has brain death been given two people?
Yeah. For patients who are considered suitable, the liver can be divided and given to two patients.
16. Can a person be given both kidney and liver transplantation at the same time?
Yeah. Both kidney and liver transplantations can be performed at the same time.
17. Do transplant patients use the drug throughout their lives?
Yeah. There may be some medications that they have to use for their own health.
18. Shouldn't the doctor's controls be postponed?
Yeah. Post transplantation is as important as transplantation; in particular, they should not neglect their first year of control.
19. Can alcohol be taken after liver transplantation?
No. The patient should not use alcohol after liver transplantation.
20. Is a healthy adult's liver attached to the baby?
Yeah. If the organ is determined to be healthy in the baby in the appropriate amount can be transferred by taking the appropriate amount.
21. Does the gender factor have an impact on compliance with liver transplantation?
No. The gender factor has no effect on the compliance of the donors and donors in liver or kidney transplants.
22. Is transplantation the only treatment for renal failure?
No. There are three ways of treating renal failure with hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation. However, the best treatment is “kidney transplant“.
23. Does kidney or liver transplants have no effect on sexual function?
Yeah. Operations that do not adversely affect the sexual and reproductive functions of kidney or liver transplants.
24. Can a transplanted woman experience pregnancy after two years?
Yeah. A woman who has kidney and liver transplants is not allowed to get pregnant two years later.
25. Can the organ of a person under 18 years of age have been used for transplantation?
Yeah. The organs of a person under the age of 18 who have had brain death may be used for transplantation after the consent of their relatives has been obtained.
26. A person with a chance of kidney transplantation should not be kept in dialysis?
Yeah. If a person has a chance to transplant kidneys, it is best to have a transplant as soon as possible.
27. Is it possible to register for each individual cadaver list in which an organ transplantation decision is made?
Yeah. As a result of medical research, it can be written to the cadaver list if it is decided that the patient needs a kidney or liver transplant.
28. Can psychiatric diseases interfere with transplants?
Yeah. The social orientation of the transplanted person should be good. Because they should not break the connection with the doctor after the transplant.
29. Is being obese an obstacle to being a living donor?
Yeah. The BMI (body mass index) body fat mass ratio should be less than 30 for the removal of the organ.
30. Is there a risk of kidney failure in people who donate their kidneys?
No. It is also present in people who are at risk as well as in a normal person. This has no connection to being donor.
31. Does it result in a longer and healthier life than dialysis?
Yeah. Transplantation offers you a healthy life that will not break your social and business life.
32. Can kidney failure cause arteriosclerosis and calcification in the cardiovascular system?
Yeah. Hypertension and diabetic renal failure developed; these can affect the cardiovascular system.
33. Can the person only donate his kidney or just his liver while he is alive?
Yeah. While he is alive, he can donate all of his organs, and he can only donate the organs he has decided.
34. Can the organ organ donating family decide to be given to whom?
No. The organ donor does not have the power to decide on whom the organ will go to or from whom, as a result of death or death.
35. Is a cadaver disintegrated in the operation of a cadaver?
No. Since coronary artery transplantation is a technical operation, it is not possible to completely disintegrate the body.
36. Is there any kidney transplantation in patients with chronic renal failure?
No. Risks such as active hepatitis or infection transport, vascular problems, heart failure or severe lung failure are also investigated.
37. Can each hospital and each surgeon perform the transplant?